Definition of the concept of an alternative system of higher education institution, based on the non-state form of ownership

By December 12, 2019 Education
Недержавні навчальні заклади

Ukraine has a significant educational and qualification potential of innovation development, which confirms the significant contribution of the educational component to the high ranking positions of Ukraine on the index of human development.

The basis for the formation of an innovative type of development in Ukraine, based on the intellectual and information technologies of production, is the development of human capital.

The search for strategic directions for the modernization of public administration in favor of a person requires the definition of in-depth reasons of internal and external character that impede the preservation of the qualitative and quantitative composition of human potential. The impact of global culture is an inevitable process, which requires considerable attention from the management system so that through the system of regulation of social relations to preserve national values, traditions, best features of mentality, national identity.

The development of intellectual potential is a priority for the state since under present conditions neither the wealth of subsoil nor fertile land, the ideal climate, or the tourist charm can be compared by either power or social significance with the potential of the human mind.

Intellectual potential is a set of abilities, creative talents, skills, motivations of individuals, their educational and qualification, moral, ethical and cultural levels, which enable using the conventional intellectual means, to master and create new knowledge, suitable for application in one or another field of public reproduction, promote the growth of productivity and production efficiency and thus affect the growth of incomes of a particular individual in the future.

Non-state education is an example of successful entrepreneurship in the intellectual sphere of Ukraine. It is perfected and takes a worthy place in modern society. Non-state higher education plays a significant role in the preparation of the national intellectual elite, and non-state educational institutions constitute a significant competition to the state higher education institutions.

The “alternative” system of higher education institutions established in Ukraine, which are based on a non-state form of ownership, considerably broadens the opportunities for young people to obtain higher education in the specialties of different fields, taking into account the needs of a market economy. But it should be noted that the alternative is seen in the payment for education when the elements of payment are increasingly being implemented in state higher education institutions. It’s not just about contract terms when a prospective student who has not gone through competition is enrolled for a paid contract. There are other paid services of state universities: the fees for re-examinations, additional classes that must be carried out attributable to the students, etc. can be discussed. In many state universities, there are paid faculties. At the same time, there are non-state high education institutions, which introduce very strict rules: additional payment for missing (without valid reasons) learning sessions, for re-examinations. However, some high education institutions help good students who do not have money to find a sponsor or take off part of the payment or even grant the right to free education to excellent students. Consequently, the alternativeness cannot be reduced to the problem of payment.

The alternativeness should be the availability of academic disciplines that are not being taught in other institutions, in attracting the most qualified teachers to a private higher education institution. In addition, non-state high education institutions are impossible without focusing on individual forms of education. In such institutions unacceptable are groups of 30 people and lectures for 150 students. And, finally, in non-state universities more than elsewhere high demands are required both during enrollment and during studying. It is necessary to take into account the rather widespread psychological setting of students of private universities, they say, I paid, what else can be required from me? Therefore, enrollment to such high education institutions without exams, only by the results of the interview is not feasible, and already many private institutions have moved to the selection of prospective students on a competitive basis.

Without these conditions, non-state high education institutions will not only become exclusive, what, of course, they seek, but will not be able to compete with the state institutions.

And another sign of alternativeness, which concerns both private and state educational institutions, is the student’s right to choose both discipline and teacher, that is, the widespread introduction of so-called optional courses. Only so can state and non-state educational institutions become truly exclusive educational institutions.

Achievement in the development of higher non-state education in Ukraine is the creation of a wide network of educational institutions, which has expanded the access of young people to education, the options of its professional choice. This is undoubtedly the development of significant scientific and methodological experience by updating domestic methods and programs, studying foreign experience and adapting it in Ukraine; creation of new study guides by teachers and scientists of non-state high education institutions. This should include the acquisition of experience in the management of education in market social and economic conditions, and the attraction of significant funds from domestic and foreign citizens to the development of education.

The development of non-state education helps to mobilize the existing intellectual potential of society to solve the problem of its preservation and development. This is possible due to the creation of a broad field for the implementation of the creative scientific and pedagogical potential of the academic teaching staff.

Finally, the establishment of non-state-owned educational institutions is an expression of the democratization of social life in Ukraine, overcoming the state monopoly in education.

Official recognition of non-state education is manifested not only in legislative and regulatory documents but also in the fact that experienced representatives of non-budget education form are increasingly involved in the management of domestic education, which, of course, will contribute to the improvement of the entire system of national education in Ukraine.

In the practice of educational institutions, in particular, non-state, is accumulated considerable experience of various changes, transformations, innovations and initiatives that together lead to global changes in the field of education and the transformation of its content and quality. Recently, the frameworks of the non-state system of education are being actively formed, its volume, the status, social prestige increased, and the normative base of functioning developed. At the same time, competition in the educational services market grows due to a number of socio-political, demographic and economic reasons. One of the effective means of ensuring competitiveness is the innovative activity of non-state educational institutions.

One of such institutions in Ukraine is the Interregional Academy of Personnel Management, the biggest economic and humanitarian higher educational institution of Ukraine. Today IAPM is the leader in private education in Ukraine, is included in the World Database on Higher Education, which is regularly issued by the International Association of universities under UNESCO auspices.

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